1) will [英][wil] [美][w?l]
However emotion,will and spirit have some differences,though they are closed related to each other in fact.
The poetic theory the Poem shows the will has two meanings.
2) ambition [英][?m'b??n] [美][?m'b???n]
From Inditing to Poetizing: to make know one s ambitions——On Development of Chinese Poetics;
Though the sages had desires,anyhow,they controlled their desire through their nature,and also their desires and ambition were integrated.
The difference in material-drawing between the two appears in the kind of fu concerning "grief" and that concerning "ambition".
3) aspiration [英][,?sp?'re??n] [美]['?sp?'re??n]
poem without hidden aspiration" "poem as repeated gates"----The impression of "upper bamboo book;
Based on the analysis of pre-Qin books and records,the author discusses the idea that peotry expresses aspiration in The Books of Songs from angle of diction,as well as from that of music.
The eternal vitality of the "aspiration"of Chinese aesthetics lies in its reference to the ideal of mankind and free will.
4) ideal [英][a?'di:?l] [美][a?'di?l]
Compare and inspect five category of traditional aesthetics ——check up briefly emotion, desire, intellect,ideal, idea;
The author furthers the understanding of the poetry collection from the angle of both "ideal" and "feeling" and,apart from its aesthetic and entertainment function,concludes that the utmost function for poetry is to e.
This paper shows the evolvement of the heart & ideal theory,and reviews the character of this theory in the Song Dynasty,studies its influence on poetics,and discovers that the scholars in the Song Dynasty insists on tracing his heart & ideal to nature and Tao,as the result of which that their poesy were asked to show the gentle emotion.
Firstly,Tang insists that all the explanations Confucianism gives to the meaning of life centered on the concept of "Zhi"(aspiration).
6) Radix Polygalae
Studies on Purification of Saponins from Radix Polygalae with Macroporous Resin;
The Determination of Senegenin Content in Radix Polygalae from Shanxi;
Optimal extraction of effective constituents from Radix Polygalae based on central composite design/response surface methodology;
中國南宋王灼詞曲評論筆記 。 王灼， 生卒年未詳。字晦叔，號頤堂。遂寧（今屬四川）人。博學多聞，嫻于音律。紹興十五年（1145）冬，寄居成都碧雞坊妙勝院，常至友人家飲宴聽歌，歸則“緣是日歌曲，出所聞見，仍考歷世習俗，追思平時論說，信筆以記”。積累既多，于十九年編次成書，分為 5 卷，題為《碧雞漫志》。內容首述古初至唐宋聲歌遞變之由，次列涼州、伊州等28曲，追述其得名之由來，與漸變宋詞之沿革過程。有《四庫全書》著錄一卷本，并收入《唐宋叢書》等。